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Lesson 2 wordlist

This is the wordlist for the second lesson, and contains all the Japanese words used in the lesson, as well as supplementary words that are good to know in relation to the lesson words. The list is split up in a few categories so you can study them targetly. Words with an asterisk (*) are supplementary words that are good to know if you're learning the ones in the wordlist anyway.

new expressions

つかさまSaid to someone who has done something tiring, either mentally or physically
苦労様くろうさまSaid to someone who has done something labourious.
おそりますSaid when expressing gratefulness to someone well above you on the social ladder
恐縮きょうしゅくです *Similar in meaning to the previous expression
感謝かんしゃします *This literally translates to "[I] express my gratitude" and is a formal way of being sincerely thankful. It can be made more formal by replacing する with its humble counterpart

particles

weak "but"
question marker
verb objects
subject
relational objects
direction (pronounced え)
location
focussing on the verb action at some location
focussing on the location of some verb action

words

れいexpression of gratitude
どうも(very) much, very, quite
どうぞplease, by all means
-さま *1. likeness suffix
2. more formal version of the name suffix -さん
何時なんじwhat time
なにwhat
clock hour
電車でんしゃtrain
新幹線しんかんせんbullet train
バスbus
タクシーtaxicab
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
くるまcar, vehicle
みちroad
うみsea
みずうみlake
いけpond
部屋へやroom
ホテルhotel
旅館りょかん *japanese inn
旅行りょこう *trip, travel
たび *travel
き *"a going" (going somewhere for a distinct purpose)
やすbreak, vacation
夏休なつやすみ *summer vacation
冬休ふゆやすみ *winter vacation
はる *spring
なつ *summer
あき *autumn
ふゆ *winter
空港くうこうairport
そら *sky, air
みなと *port, harbour
飛行機ひこうき *airplane
音便おんびんeuphonic change (no need to know this, but I needed it for the next word ^^)
おと *sound
うちin group, inner circle
マレーシアMalaysia
平安へいあんHeian era (794-1185)
江戸えどEdo/Tokugawa era (1603-1868)
明治めいじMeiji era (1868 -1912)
大正たいしょうTaisho era (1912-1926)
昭和しょうわShouwa era (1926-1989)
平成へいせいHeisei era (began in 1989)

い-adjectives

ないnot, marks negation
おいしいdelicious
よい / いいgood
い *thick, dense, intense
うすい *thin, sparse, bland
あたらしいnew, fresh
ふるい *old
四角しかくsquare
まるい *round
たのしいenjoyable
面白おもしろい *interesting
しろwhite
くろい *black
おおきい *big
ちいさい *small
ながい *long
みじかい *short
あつwarm (environment)
さむい *cold (environment)
あつい *warm (object)
つめたい *cold (object)

verbs

つくる *to make, to fabricate (v5) (tr)
おしえる *to teach (v1) (tr)
とおto let pass (v5) (tr)
とおる *to pass [by], to go through (v5, intr)
手伝てつだto lend a hand (v5) (tr)
おそれる *to fear, to be in awe of (v1) (intr)
る *to go in/into (v5) (intr)
れる *to put in (v1) (tr)
はいる *to enter (v5) (intr)
おもto think, to feel [about something] (v5) (tr)
る *to come out of (opposite of 入る) (v1) (intr, but see note on transit verbs)
す *to get out, to come out (v5) (tr)
まるto stay at, to spend [the] night[s] (v5) (intr)
まる *to stay, to come to a halt, to stop (v5) (intr)
める *to stop [something] (v1) (tr)
やすむ *to take a break from (v5) (bitr)
およto swim (v5) (intr, but see note on transit verbs)
to fly (v5) (intr, but see note on transit verbs)

こそあど

The translations are only approximations, what really matters is that you know the difference between what the こ-, そ-, あ- and ど- versions of a こそあど series mean.

これthis
それthat
あれthat
どれwhich
この[...]this [...]
その[...]that [...]
あの[...]that [...]
どの[...]which [...]
こうthis way, like so
そうthat way, like that
ああthat way, like that
どうwhich way, how
こんな[...]this kind of [...]
そんな[...]that kind of [...]
あんな[...]that kind of [...]
どんな[...]what kind of [...]
ここhere
そこthere
あそこover there
あすこover there
どこwhere
こちらthis direction
そちらthat direction
あちらthat direction
どちらwhich direction
こっちthis direction
そっちthat direction
あっちthat direction
どっちwhich direction