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Lesson 4 wordlist

expressions

大丈夫だいじょうぶですか"are you alright?"
元気げんきですかsaid as a greeting when you haven't seen someone on a while, to enquire how they are (feel).
元気げんき(が)ないんですねused to observe that someone looks gloomy
どうしましたenquires "what happened"
どうしたthe same, less formal.
をつけてsaid as a farewell, telling someone to take care
をつけてくださいthe same, but more formal
大事だいじsaid to someone literally telling them to take care
大事だいじにしてくださいthe same, but more formal
にしないで"don't let it bother you"
にしないでくださいthe same, but more formal
心配しんぱいしないで"do not worry"
心配しんぱいしないでくださいthe same, but more formal
安心あんしんしてください"relax"
らくになってください"please stop worrying"
らくにしてください"please make yourself at home"
世話せわになります"I will endulge you", said when taking up someone's (generous) offer

particles

simultaneous action
でもcontrastive
そしてcontinuative
のですstating with implicit reason
のだthe plain version of のです
んですthe same as のです, but contracted
んだthe same as のだ, but contracted
のでthe continuative form of のです
しかしconstractive

nouns

spirit, awareness, vitality
世話せわcare, looking after, indulging
外界せかいworld
心境しんきょうmental state
遊園地ゆうえんちamusement park
授業じゅぎょうclass, lesson
美術びじゅつart
やくuse, role, service
れいnaught
天照あまてらすname of the sun goddess
ビールbeer
すうnumber, numbers
かんvolume in a series
中二階ちゅうにかいmezzanine
屋上おくじょうroof (as floor in a building)
地下ちかunderground
地下一階ちかいっかいbasement floor
地下二階ちかにかい2nd basement floor
ページpage
カップル(romantic) couple
予定よていplan, plans
擬音語ぎおんごonomatopoeia
擬態語ぎたいごmimesis
きみyou
ぼくI
地球ちきゅう(the planet) Earth
きょくpole (north/south)
勇気ゆうきcourage
自信じしんself confidence
読書どくしょ(the practice of) reading

noun adjectives

大丈夫だいじょうぶalright, okay
平気へいきalright, composed
元気げんき(in) high spirits
大事だいじimportant, valuable
心配しんぱいworry
安心あんしんat ease
らくcomfortable
自由じゆうfree

verbal adjectives

かるlight
やばいdangerous

verbs

やくbe of use (v5) (intr)
くださるissue, grant (v5) (tr) - special verb, its 連用形 and 命令形 form are 下さい
かぞえる *count (v1) (tr)
ゆるpermit, allow, let slide (v5) (tr)
みとめる *permit, allow, recognise, appreciate (v1) (tr)
get on, mount, ride (v5) (tr)
めるlodge (v1) (tr)
まる *stay at [hotel, etc] (v5) (intr)
もどreturn [to somewhere, not someone] (v5) (intr)
つながるbe connected (v5) (intr)
片付かたづけるclear/tidy up (v1) (tr) - note the づ
れるclear up [weather] (v1) (intr)
くもる *cloud up [weather] (v5) (intr)
さがsearch for (v5) (tr)
見付みつける *find (v1) (tr)
見付みつかる *be found (v5) (intr)

adverbs

いくin which quantity
あま(not) very
いつもeach and every time
可なり, 可也, 可成 かなりconsiderably
さっぱり(not) at all
すこし (少し)a little
ずっと(practically) forever
すべて (全て)everything
ぜんぶ (全部)all
ぜんぜん (全然)(not) at all
たいてい (大抵)generally
ちょっとa little
ときどき (時々)sometimes
とても (迚も)very
とってもvery
もっとeven more
いかがformal version of どう

numbers

ゼロ0
れいnaught
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
ひゃく100
せん1000
まん10000
おく10000,0000
ちょう10000,0000,0000

counters

ほんcyllindrical objects
さつbound volumes
まいflat objects
はいcups
だいmachines
heavy stuff
かいfloors
pieces
units
lessons, chapters
えんJapanese currency
ひき(small) animals
birds (and rabbits)
とうbig animals
にんpeople
occurences, degree
かいoccurences
ばい-fold
ばんturn
ごうnumber in a series
びょうseconds
ふんminutes
clock hour
時間じかんdurational hours
か・にちday
はくnight
しゅうかんweek
週間しゅうかんweek
がつcalendar month
ヶ月・箇月かげつdurational months
ねんera year
年間ねんかんdurational years
歳・才さいyears of age
だいprefix, indicates part of a number collection
ordinal suffix
かんinterval suffix