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Lesson 3 wordlist

expressions

はようございますsaid as initial early greeting on a day
やみみなさいsaid when going to bed, or putting someone to bed
ってますsaid when leaving with the intent of coming back
っていらっしゃいsaid to someone who is leaving but will come back
ただいまsaid when having come back
かえりなさいsaid when welcoming someone back
がってくださいsaid to invite someone into the house
邪魔じゃましますsaid when invited into someone's house
ごめんくださいsaid when entering a house uninvited, or when hanging up the phone
もしもしsaid when picking up the phone
いただきますsaid when starting a meal
馳走様ちそうさまでしたsaid when finishing a meal
粗末様そまつさまですsaid by the cook to downplay their skill

particles

additionality marker
からmarks start or origin
までmarks end or extent of
け(れ)ど(も)contrast conjunction
emphasis marker
ね/なrhetoric marker

nouns

弁当べんとうbox lunch
えきstation
ものthing
ことnotion, concept
着物きものkimono
はなflower
植物しょくぶつ *plant
刺身さしみsashimi (raw fish cuts)
漢字かんじchinese characters
character, symbol
勉強べんきょう(a) study
専門 せんもん *(a) subject of study
結婚けっこんmarriage
離婚りこん *divorce
わかものa young person
少年しょうねん *young boy (school age)
少女しょうじょ *young girl (school age)
青年せいねん *young person (adolescent)
中年ちゅうねん *middle-aged
中年者ちゅうねんもの *middle-aged person
年寄としよelderly
年寄としよものelderly person
しゃperson
hour
~ o' clock
ひまleisure, free time
ストックホルムStockholm
ヘルシンキHelsinki
ジャケットjacket
音楽おんがくmusic
知識ちしきknowledge
かばんbag, briefcase
霜川しもかわShimokawa (name)
しもfrost
かわriver
川岸かわぎし *river bank
きし *beach
うみ *sea
公園こうえんpublic park
映画館えいがかんcinema
映画えいがfilm
かんinstitute
なにsomething
眼鏡めがねglasses, spectacles
寡婦やもめwidow
欺瞞ぎまんdeception
基本きほんbasis, fundament
過渡かとtransition
茶菓子ちゃがしtea cakes

relative location nouns

まえbefore, front
うしback
こうbeyond, opposing
あとafter
となりadjacent (same category)
よこadjacent (different category)
うえup, above
したdown, under
ひだりleft
みぎright
あいだbetween
なかin, inside
おくdeep inside
そとoutside

noun adjectives

きれいpretty, neat, tidy
有名ゆうめいfamous ("of name"
駄目だめuseless, no good
大丈夫だいじょうぶ *capable, compentent
おおき *big
ちいさ *small
しずか *quiet
にぎやか *lively, busling
四角しかく *square
無駄むだ *futile, useless
無理むり *unreasonable, impossible
てき-like, typical [of]
欺瞞的ぎまんてきdeceptive
過渡的かとてきtransitional
基本的きほんてきbasic

verbal adjectives

はやfast
おそい *slow
わかyoung
とおい *distant
ちかい *close
ふかい *deep
あさい *shallow

verbs

put on the upper body [shirt, jacket] (v1) (tr)
かける *wear [glasses] (v1) (tr)
かぶる *don [hat, cap, ribbons] (v5) (tr)
つける *affix to oneself [earrings, necklace] (v1) (tr)
はく *put on the lower body [trousers, skirt, socks, shoes] (v5) (tr)
はめる *get in to [gloves, rings] (v1) (tr)
しめる *tighten [necktie, belt] (v1) (tr)
put [and leave where put] (v5) (tr)
いけるbe sufficient, be appropriate, "do" (v1) (intr)
けるturn on, switch on (v1) (vt)
paint (v5) (tr)
buy (v5) (tr)
けるlive (v1) (tr)
勉強べんきょうするstudy
listen (v5) (tr)
けるdivide, separate (v1) (tr)
うたsing (v5) (tr)
cry [make animal noises] (v5) (intr)
すわsit down (v5) (intr)
bloom (v5) (intr)
しずsink, set (v5) (intr)
結婚けっこんするmarry
離婚りこんするdivorce
えるbe able to see (v5) (intr)
頑張がんばるput in effort (v5) (intr)
おぼえるremember (v5) (tr)
make it in time (v5) (intr)
require, need (v5) (intr)
reside, live [somewhere] (v5) (intr)
のこleave [behind], reserve (v5) (tr)
のこる *remain, be left over (v5) (tr)

adverbs

Only one real adverb in this lesson ^_^

かなりconsiderable, considerably